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From early ages of exploration, the Arctic idea has resided in collective memories well beyond polar realms. For people who live in the Arctic, that idea is a way of life that incorporates traditions and indigenous knowledge evolved to cope with demanding conditions. Consequences of cryospheric changes are causing states and non-states to assert more intense claims to Arctic resources. The Arctic is a base of power, wealth, and other values. Competence to make and apply law in a manner that accommodates inclusive versus exclusive demands in the common interest is of great import to the public order of the world community. Hence, Arctic engagement has extended to much of the planet, including the most easterly and northerly of the American contiguous forty-eight states—Maine.

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